Chapter 14: Special Education Services

Special education consists of services and supports designed to meet the educational needs of students who meet state and federal eligibility criteria. To qualify for special education services, students must demonstrate the presence of a disability and the need for specially designed instruction. Students who receive special education services are included in the least restrictive environment to the fullest extent appropriate.

Special Education is a service, not a place. Slippery Rock Area School District supports the implementation of inclusive practices with supplementary aids and services needed to access the general education curriculum. Students who need more intensive services access direct instruction through the special education programs.
Learning Support
Learning Support Services are provided to students who demonstrate a disorder in understanding or in using language (spoken or written), reading, writing, and/or mathematics. Accommodations and modifications may be provided in the general education classroom. Students who need more intensive services may receive academic support and/or direct instruction in reading, math and writing through the learning support program.
Emotional Support
Emotional Support Services are designed to meet the needs of students with social, emotional, and behavioral needs that have an adverse impact on their learning. Academic support is provided as needed. Life Skills Support Life Skills Support Services provide specially designed instruction to students whose needs include functional academics, self-care, social skills, language development, communication, and perceptual motor skills. The services include community-based instruction as well as vocational training experiences. Students who participate life skills are included in the least restrictive environment to the fullest extent appropriate.
Speech/Language Support
Students who demonstrate a need in articulation, fluency, language and auditory processing development receive speech and language support. Students are scheduled for individual and/or small group sessions according to age as well as the type and severity of the disorder.
Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy focuses on the functional performance of the student to assist in making progress in the general education curriculum. Areas covered by occupational therapy may include self-help, sensory, fine motor and postural skills Individual and/or small group therapy sessions as well as consultative services are provided according to student need.
Physical Therapy
Physical therapy focuses on the natural opportunities for students to develop motor competence, balance and coordination in routine educational activities. Hearing Support Program and Services Hearing Support Services are provided to students who have an identified impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. A child who meets criteria for deafness demonstrates a hearing impairment so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification.
Vision Support Program and Services
A visual impairment, including blindness, indicates the impairment adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.